Directions for Use
It is a violation of federal law to use this product in a manner inconsistent with its labeling. Do not apply this product in a way that will contact workers or other persons, either directly or through drift. Only protected handlers may be in the area during application. For any requirement specific to your state and tribe, consult the state or tribal agency responsible for pesticide regulation.
Agricultural Use Requirements
Use this product only in accordance with its labeling and with the WPS, 40 CFR Part 170. This standard contains requirements for the protection of agricultural workers on farms, forests, nurseries and greenhouses and handlers of agricultural pesticides. It contains requirements for training, decontamination, notification and emergency assistance. It also contains specific instructions and exceptions pertaining to the statements on this label about PPE and REI. The requirements in this box only apply to uses of this product that are covered by the WPS.
Do not enter or allow worker entry into treated areas during the REI of 48 hours.
For greenhouse uses, the REI may be reduced to 24 hours provided that the following conditions are met:
For at least 7 days following the application of this product in greenhouses:
- At least one container or station designed specifically for flushing eyes is available in operating conditions with the WPS-required decontamination supplies for workers entering the area treated with this product.
- Workers are informed orally in a manner they can understand that i) residues in the treated area may be highly irritating to the eyes, ii) they should take precautions, such as refraining from rubbing their eyes to keep the residues out of their eyes, iii) if they do get residues in their eyes, they should immediately flush their eyes with the eye flush container or in the eye flush station that is located with the decontamination supplies and iv) how to operate the eye flush container or eye flush station.PPE required for early entry to treated areas that is permitted under the WPS and that involves contact with anything that has been treated, such as plants, soil, or water, is Coveralls, waterproof or chemical-resistant gloves such as barrier laminate, butyl rubber.
>14 mil, nitrile rubber >14 mil, neoprene rubber >14 mil, polyvinyl chloride (PVC) >14 mil, or viton >14 mil, protective eyewear and shoes plus socks.
Non-Agricultural Use Requirements
The requirements in this box apply to uses of this product that are NOT within the scope of the WPS for agricultural pesticides (40 CFR Part 170). The WPS applies when this product is used to produce agricultural plants on farms, forests, nurseries, or greenhouses. Do not allow people or pets to enter treated areas until sprays have dried.
For resistance management, Agri-Life® contains a Group M01 fungicide/bactericide*. Any fungal/bacterial population may contain individuals naturally resistant to Agri-Life® and other Group M01 fungicides/bactericides. A gradual or total loss of pest control may occur over time if these fungicides/bactericides are used repeatedly in the same fields. Appropriate resistance-management strategies should be followed.
To delay fungicide/bactericide resistance, take one or more of the following steps:
- Rotate the use of Agri-Life® or other Group M01 fungicides/bactericides within a growing season sequence with different groups that control the same pathogens.
- Use tank mixtures with fungicide/bactericides from a different group that are equally effective on the target pest when such use is permitted. Use at least the minimum application rate as labeled by the manufacturer.
- Adopt an integrated disease management program for fungicide/bactericide use that includes scouting, uses historical information related to pesticide use and crop rotation and which considers host plant resistance, impact of environmental conditions on disease development, disease thresholds, as well as cultural, biological and other chemical control practices.
- Where possible, make use of predictive disease models to effectively time fungicide/bactericide applications. Note that using predictive models alone is not sufficient to manage resistance.
- Monitor treated fungal/bacterial populations for resistance development.
- Contact your local extension specialist or certified crop advisor for any additional pesticide resistance-management and/or IPM recommendations for specific crops and pathogens.
- For further information or to report suspected resistance contact Life Science Group at (248) 438-5323. You can also contact your pesticide distributor or university extension specialist to report resistance.
The multisite activity grouping, designated by the symbol “M01,” comprises a collection of various chemicals that act as general toxophores with several sites of action. These sites may differ between group members.
Suspected herbicide-resistant weeds may be identified by these indicators:
- Failure to control a weed species normally controlled by the herbicide at the dose applied, especially if control is achieved on adjacent weeds;
- A spreading patch of non-controlled plants of a particular weed species; and,
- Surviving plants mixed with controlled individuals of the same species.
Water bodies or management units should be scouted prior to application to identify the weed species present and their growth stage to determine if the intended application will be effective.
Report any incidence of non-performance of this product against a particular weed species to your retailer or representative, or call (248) 438-5323. If resistance is suspected, treat weed escapes with an herbicide having a different mechanism of action and/or use nonchemical means to remove escapes, as practical, with the goal of preventing further reproduction.
Implement the Early Detection, Rapid Response practice and maintenance control by using the following practices, where possible:
- Identify weeds present in a management unit through scouting or history of the water body and understand the biology of target species.
- Applications should target weeds when populations are small and there is low biomass, early in the season to maximize efficacy.
- Applications should be made so that the herbicide contacts the weed. Use the appropriate application method for the use site/weed/chemical combination.
- Weed escapes should not be allowed to go to seed or produce asexual vegetative propagules.
- Use a diversified approach toward weed management. Whenever possible incorporate multiple weed-control practices such as mechanical control, biological management practices and rotation of MOAs.
- Time applications to have the highest probability for control and minimize need for follow-up control measures. Apply during conditions that minimize herbicide degradation (light /temperature/microbes) and/or dissipation (water exchange).
Contact your local sales representative, local water management agency, or extension agent to find out if suspected resistant weeds to this MOA have been found in your region. If resistant biotypes of target weeds have been reported, use the application rates of this product specified for your local conditions. Tank mix products so that there are multiple effective mechanisms of action for each target weed.
Aquatic Uses (Excluding Control of Tadpole Shrimp or Algae in Rice Fields)
This pesticide is toxic to fish and aquatic invertebrates. Waters treated with this product may be hazardous to aquatic organisms. Treatment of aquatic weeds and algae can result in oxygen loss from the decomposition of dead algae and weeds. This oxygen loss can cause fish and invertebrate suffocation.
To minimize this hazard, do not treat more than 1/2 of the water body (excluding water infrastructure and constructed conveyances, such as drainage canals, ditches and pipelines or intakes and aqueducts for drinking water or irrigation uses) to avoid depletion of oxygen due to decaying vegetation. Wait at least 14 days between treatments. Begin treatment along the shore and proceed outward in bands to allow fish to move into untreated areas.
Before applying the product to public waters, consult with the state or local agency with primary responsibility for regulating pesticides to determine if a permit is required. Application of algaecides to high-density blooms of cyanobacteria can result in the release of intracellular contents into the water. Some of these intracellular compounds are known mammalian hepato- and nervous system toxins.
Therefore, to minimize the risk of toxin leakage, manage cyanobacteria effectively to avoid applying this product when blooms of toxin-producing cyanobacteria are present at high density. In situations where rapidly reproducing toxic algal species pose a public health threat to drinking or recreational water resources, applicators must receive authorization from applicable state, local, or tribal water resources authorities to apply copper at intervals shorter than 14 days should the circumstance demand.
Certain water conditions, including low pH (<6.5), low DOC levels (3.0 mg/L or lower) and “soft” waters (i.e., alkalinity less than 50.0 mg/L), increase the potential acute toxicity to non-target aquatic organisms. The application rates on this label are appropriate for water with pH values >6.5, DOC levels >3.0 mg/L and alkalinity greater than 50.0 mg/L. Avoid treating waters with pH values <6.5, DOC levels >3.0 and alkalinity less than 50.0 ppm (e.g., soft or acid waters), as trout and other sensitive fish species may be killed under such conditions if present.
Consult your state department of natural resources or fish and game agency before applying this product to public waters. Permits may be required before treating such waters.
Application and Handling Equipment
Application, handling, or storage equipment MUST consist of either fiberglass, PVCs, polypropylenes, Viton, most plastics, aluminum, or stainless steel. Never use mild steel, nylon, brass, or copper around full-strength Agri-Life®. Always rinse equipment free and clean of Agri-Life® each night with plenty of fresh, clean water. Always store Agri-Life® above 32.0ºF. Freezing may cause product separation. Seller makes no warranty for the performance of the product which has been frozen.
Spray Drift Management
A variety of factors, including weather conditions (e.g., wind direction, wind speed, temperature and relative humidity) and the method of application (e.g., ground, aerial, or chemigation), can influence pesticide drift. The applicator must evaluate all factors and make appropriate adjustments when applying this product.
Droplet Size: Applicators are required to use a medium or coarser droplet size (ASABE S572.1).
Wind Speed: Do not apply at wind speeds greater than 15 mph. Only apply this product if the wind direction favors on-target deposition (approximately 3 to 10 mph) and there are no sensitive areas within 250 feet downwind.
Temperature Inversions: If applying at wind speeds less than 3 mph, the applicator must determine if a) conditions of temperature inversion exist, or b) stable atmospheric conditions exist at or below nozzle height. Do not make applications into areas of temperature inversions or stable atmospheric conditions.
Other State and Local Requirements: Applicators must follow all state and local pesticide drift requirements regarding application of copper compounds. Where states have more stringent regulations, they must be observed.
Equipment: All aerial and ground application equipment must be properly maintained and calibrated using appropriate carriers or surrogates.
Do not release spray at a height greater than 10 ft. above the vegetative canopy or water, unless a greater application height is necessary for pilot safety.
- Applicators are required to use a medium or coarser droplet size (ASABE S572.1).
- Do not apply when wind speed exceeds 15 mph at the application site. If the windspeed is greater than 10 mph, the boom length must be 65% or less of the wingspan for fixed wing aircraft and 75% or less of the rotor diameter for helicopters. Otherwise, the boom length must be 75% or less of the wingspan for fixed-wing aircraft and 90% or less of the rotor diameter for helicopters.
- Applicators must use ½ swath displacement upwind at the downwind edge of the application area.
- Do not apply during temperature inversions.
Ground Boom Application:
- Apply with the spray release height recommended by the manufacturer, but no more than 4 feet above the ground or crop canopy.
- Applicators are required to use a medium or coarser droplet size (ASABE S572.1).
- Do not apply when wind speeds exceed 15 miles per hour at the application site.
- Do not apply during temperature inversions.
Spray Drift Advisories
THE APPLICATOR IS RESPONSIBLE FOR AVOIDING OFF-SITE SPRAY DRIFT. BE AWARE OF NEARBY NON-TARGET SITES AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS.
Importance of Droplet Size
An effective way to reduce spray drift is to apply large droplets. Use the largest droplets that provide target pest control. While applying larger droplets will reduce spray drift, the potential for drift will be greater if applications are made improperly or under unfavorable environmental conditions.
Controlling Droplet Size – Ground Boom
- Volume – Increasing the spray volume so that larger droplets are produced will reduce spray drift. Use the highest practical spray volume for the application. If a greater spray volume is needed, consider using a nozzle with a higher flow rate.
- Pressure – Use the lowest spray pressure recommended for the nozzle to produce the target spray volume and droplet size.
- Spray Nozzle – Use a spray nozzle that is designed for the intended application. Consider using nozzles designed to reduce drift.
Controlling Droplet Size – Aircraft
- Adjust Nozzles – Follow nozzle manufacturer’s recommendations for setting up nozzles. Generally, to reduce fine droplets, nozzles should be oriented parallel with the airflow in flight.
Boom Height – Ground Boom
Use the lowest boom height that is compatible with the spray nozzles that will provide uniform coverage. For ground equipment, the boom should remain level with the crop and have minimal bounce.
Release Height – Aircraft
Higher release heights increase the potential for spray drift. When applying aerially to crops, do not release spray at a height greater than 10 ft. above the crop canopy, unless a greater application height is necessary for pilot safety.
Shielded Sprayers – Shielding the boom or individual nozzles can reduce spray drift. Consider using shielded sprayers. Verify that the shields are not interfering with the uniform deposition of the spray on the target area.
Temperature and Humidity – When making applications in hot and dry conditions, use larger droplets to reduce effects of evaporation.
Temperature Inversions – Drift potential is high during a temperature inversion. Temperature inversions are characterized by increasing temperature with altitude and are common on nights with limited cloud cover and light to no wind. The presence of an inversion can be indicated by ground fog or by the movement of smoke from a ground source or an aircraft smoke generator. Smoke that layers and moves laterally in a concentrated cloud (under low wind conditions) indicates an inversion, while smoke that moves upward and rapidly dissipates indicates good vertical air mixing. Avoid applications during temperature inversions.
Wind – Drift potential generally increases with wind speed. AVOID APPLICATIONS DURING GUSTY WIND CONDITIONS. Applicators need to be familiar with local wind patterns and terrain that could affect spray drift
- This product may be reactive on masonry and metal surfaces such as galvanized roofing. Avoid contact with metal surfaces.
- Environmental conditions such as extended periods of wet weather, acid rain, etc., which alter the pH of the leaf surface may affect the performance of Agri-Life® resulting in possible phytotoxicity or loss of effectiveness.
- It must be determined in the selection process if proper application equipment is available and if the waste associated with its use can be properly handled. Materials used on the construction of application equipment is also an important factor as agricultural chemicals are often reactive with soft metals such as aluminum and even some synthetic materials such as plastics, rubbers, etc. Therefore, it is necessary when working with equipment containing these materials, that they are thoroughly flushed with clean water after each day’s use.
- Time your applications so you get the highest probability of control and minimize the need for follow-up control measures. Apply during conditions that minimize herbicide degradation (light /temperature/microbes) and/or dissipation (water exchange).
- Do not mix Agri-Life® with acidic compounds such as products containing aluminum or apply to crops within 14 days before or after application
- of same.
- Do not spray on cars, houses, lawn furniture, etc.
- Do not mix with pot ash.
- Pilots must use an enclosed cab that meets the definition listed in the WPS for agricultural pesticides [40 CFR 170.305].
Apply this product only through one or more of the following types of systems: sprinkler, including center pivot, lateral move, end row, side (wheel) roll, traveler, big gun, solid set, or hand move; flood (basin); furrow; and border or drip (trickle) irrigation system(s). Do not apply this product to any other type of irrigation system.
Crop injury, lack of effectiveness, or illegal pesticide residues in the crop can result from the non-uniform distribution of treated water. If you have questions about calibration, you should contact state extension specialists, equipment manufacturers, or other experts.
Do not connect an irrigation system (including greenhouse systems) used for pesticide application to a public water system unless the pesticide label-prescribed safety device for public water systems is in place.
A person knowledgeable of the chemigation system and responsible for its operation, or under the supervision of the responsible person, shall shut the system down and make necessary adjustments should the need arise. Posting areas to be chemigated is required when:
Posting must conform to the following requirements:
Posting must conform to the following requirements. Treated areas shall be posted with signs at all usual points of entry and along likely routes of approach from the listed sensitive area. When there are no usual points of entry, signs must be posted in the corners of the treated areas and any other locations affording maximum visibility to sensitive areas. The printed side of the sign should face away from the treated area towards the sensitive area. The signs shall be printed in English. Signs must be posted prior to application and must remain posted until foliage has dried and soil surface water has disappeared. Signs may remain in place indefinitely as long as they are composed of materials to prevent deterioration and maintain legibility for the duration of the posting period.All words shall consist of letters of at least 2 ½ inches tall and all letters and the symbol shall be in a color which sharply contrasts with their immediate background. At the top of the sign shall be the words KEEP OUT, followed by an octagonal stop sign symbol at least 8 inches in diameter containing the word STOP. Below the symbol shall be the words PESTICIDES IN IRRIGATION WATER. This sign is in addition to any sign posted to comply with the Worker Protection Standard.
Chemigation Systems Connected to Public Water Systems
A public water system is a system of piped water for human consumption for the provision to the public if such a system has at least 15 service connections or regularly serves an average of at least 25 individuals daily for a minimum of 60 days in a year.
Chemigation systems connected to public water systems must contain a functional, reduced pressure zone (RPZ), backflow preventer, or the functional equivalent in the water supply line upstream from the point of pesticide introduction. As an option for the RPZ, the water from the public water system should be discharged into a reservoir tank prior to pesticide introduction. There shall be a complete break (air gap) between the flow outlet end of the fill pipe and the top of the overflow rim of the reservoir tank, at least twice the inside diameter of the fill pipe.
The pesticide injection pipeline must contain a functional, automatic and quick-closing check valve to prevent the flow of liquid back toward the injection. The pesticide injection pipeline must contain a functional, normally closed and solenoid-operated valve located on the intake side of the injection pump and connected to the system interlock to prevent fluid from being withdrawn from the supply tank when the irrigation system is either automatically or manually shut down.
The system must contain functional interlocking controls to automatically shut off the pesticide injection pump when the water pump motor stops, or in cases where there is no water pump when the water pressure decreases to the point where the pesticide distribution is adversely affected.
Systems must use a metering pump, such as a positive displacement injection pump (i.e., diaphragm pump) effectively designed and constructed of materials that are compatible with pesticides and capable of being fitted with a system interlock.
Do not apply when wind speed favors drift beyond the area intended for treatment.
When mixing, agitation is not necessary. Adjust the pH of the water to 7 or below. If using stickers, spreaders, insecticides, nutrients, etc., add the
Agri-Life® last. If compatibility is in question, use a compatibility jar test before mixing a whole tank. Because of the wide variety of possible combinations which can be encountered, observe all cautions and limitations on the label of all products used in the mixtures.
Agri-Life® may be added through a traveling system continuously or at the last 30 minutes of a solid set or hand-moved irrigation system. It readily disperses and needs no agitation.
Sprinkler and Drip (Trickle) Chemigation
The system must contain a functional check valve, vacuum relief valve and low-pressure drain appropriately located on the irrigation pipeline to prevent water source contamination from backflow.
The pesticide injection pipeline must contain a functional, automatic and quick-closing check valve to prevent the flow of fluid back toward the injection pump.
The pesticide injection pipeline must also contain a functional, normally closed and solenoid-operated valve located on the intake side of the injection pump and connected to the system interlock to prevent fluid from being withdrawn from the supply tank when the irrigation system is either automatically or manually shut down.
The system must contain functional interlocking controls to automatically shut off the pesticide injection pump when the water pump motor stops.
The irrigation line or water pump must include a functional pressure switch, which will stop the water pump motor when the water pressure decreases to the point where pesticide distribution is adversely affected.
Systems must use a metering pump, such as a positive displacement pump (i.e., diaphragm pump) effectively designed and constructed of materials that are compatible with pesticides and capable of being fitted with a system interlock. Do not apply when wind speed favors drift beyond the area intended for treatment.
When mixing, agitation is not necessary. Adjust the pH of the carrier water to 7 or below. If using stickers, spreaders, insecticides, nutrients, etc., add the Agri-Life® last. If compatibility is in question, use a compatibility jar test before mixing a whole tank. Because of the wide variety of possible combinations which can be encountered, observe all cautions and limitations on the label of all products used in the mixtures.
Agri-Life® may be added through a traveling irrigation system or at the last 30 minutes of a solid set or hand-moved irrigation system.
Agri-Life® readily disperses and needs no agitation.
Flood (Basin), Furrow and Border Chemigation
Systems using a gravity flow pesticide dispensing system must meter the pesticide into the water at the head of the field and downstream of a hydraulic discontinuity, such as a drop structure or weir box, to decrease the potential for water source contamination from backflow if water flow stops.
Systems utilizing a pressurized water and pesticide injection system must meet the following requirements:
When mixing, agitation is not necessary. Adjust the pH of the carrier water to 7 or below. If using stickers, spreaders, insecticides, nutrients, etc., add the Agri-Life® last. If compatibility is in question, use a compatibility jar test before mixing a whole tank. Because of a wide variety of possible combinations which can be encountered, observe all cautions and limitations on the labels of all products used on the mixtures. Agri-Life® may be added through a traveling irrigation system continuously or at the last 30 minutes of a solid set or hand-moved irrigation system. Agri-Life® readily disperses and needs no agitation.
For Spray and Soil Drench Applications
Always spray for total foliage coverage. When re-spraying, the rates and severity of the disease vary with unforeseen conditions.However, in the event of severe disease, spraying intervals can be shortened see ‘Minimum Retreatment Interval’ column for the shortest interval between applications. At times, lower rates can be as effective as higher rates and should be tried first. Usually, preventive programs may be maintained at lower rates. Use of low volume spraying is effective against Botrytis but not effective against established powdery mildew and Xanthomonas infections. Also, applications on actively growing tissue may be more effective than applications on dormant tissue
Minimum Spray Volume (gal.) per acre when Applying Agri-Life®
†Pesticide application equipment, such as Curtec™ or other similar sprayers capable of obtaining coverage at low volumes, may be used as low as 20 gpa of spray volume.
The following specific directions are based on general application procedures. The recommendations of the State Extension Service should be closely followed regarding timing, frequency and the number of sprays per season. Do not exceed the specified use rates or apply at different intervals than specified in the use directions.
Frost Injury Protection Bacterial Ice Nucleation Inhibitor
Application of Agri-Life® made to all crops listed on this label at rates and stages of growth indicated, at least 24 hours prior to anticipated frost conditions, will afford control of ice-nucleating bacteria (Pseudomonas syringae, Erwinia herbicola and Pseudomonas flourescens) and may therefore provide some protection against light frost. It is not recommended for geographical areas where weather conditions favor severe frost.
*Non-public health bacteria