Tree Crops

Almond
Almond
Apple
Apple
Avocado
Avocado
Banana
Banana
Cacao
Cacao
Chestnuts
Chestnut
Coffee
Coffee
Filbert
Filbert
Mango
Mango
Olive
Olive
Papaya
Papaya
Peach
Peach
Pear
Pear
Pecan
Pecan
Persimmon
Persimmon
Pistachio
Quince
Quince
Walnut
Walnut
BananaAlmondAppleMango
Crop and Maximum Annual Rate of Product in gal. per acre.
(lbs. Metallic Copper)
DiseaseRate/A fl. oz. (lb. Cu2+/A)Minimum Treatment Interval (Days)Directions
Almond, Apricot, Cherry, Plum, Prune

36.36 gals.
(18 lbs.)
Blossom brown rot, Coryneum blight (shot hole)51.2 to 64
(.198 to .248) on Almond,
all others
60 to 90
(.232 to .348)
5Apply during early bloom. Do not apply after full bloom or injury may occur. Use the higher rates when rainfall is heavy and disease pressure is high.
Black knot (plum)
32 to 64
(.124 to .248)
5Make application at bud swell up to early bloom for early disease suppression. Apply before full bloom. Use higher rates when rainfall is heavy and disease pressure is high.
Note: To avoid plant injury, do not use after full bloom
Cherry leaf spot (sour cherries only)38.4 to 64
(.149 to .248)
7Apply at petal fall as well as 1 to 2 times after petal fall. Use the lower rates where disease infection is light and use the higher rates for a dormant application or where disease infection is moderate to heavy. Do not apply to sweet cherry or the English Morello variety as severe injury will result.
Note: Moderate to severe injury such as leaf spotting and defoliation may occur from post bloom applications.
Apple scab, fire blight, Phytophthora root rot, verticillium wilt51.2 to 64
(.198 to .248)
N/A (Only one application is permitted per season.)Make one application between silver-tip and green-tip. Apply as a full cover spray for early season disease suppression. Note: Moderate to severe crop
injury may occur from late application; discontinue use when green-tip reaches 1/2 inch.
Apple scab19.2 to 25.6
(.074 to .10)
5Extended spray schedule where fruit finish is not a concern. Continued applications may be made at 5 to 7 day intervals between ½ inch green-tip and first cover spray. Note: Moderate to severe crop injury may result from this extended spray schedule. It is not intended for fresh market apples or for apples
where fruit finish is a concern as it is likely to cause fruit russeting.
Fire blight19.2 to 25.6
(.074 to .10)
5
Collar rot, crown rot32
(.124)
N/A (Only one application is permitted per season.)Apply as a drench on the lower trunk area of each tree. Apply in early spring or in fall after harvest for best results. Do not apply to foliage or fruit. Only one application per year
Black pitting32
(.124)
7Mix product in 100 gallons of water. Apply by spray to the fruit stem and the basal portion of the leaf crown. Apply during the first and second weeks after fruit emergence.
Bacterial blight (Pseudomonas syringae)38.4 to 64
(.149 to .248)
14Begin spray program before the onset of long rainy periods and continue throughout the rainy season at 14 to 21 day intervals. The critical time for spraying to control disease is just before, during and after flowering(s), especially when coinciding with wet weather. Use the higher rates when rainfall is heavy and disease pressure is high.
Leaf rust (Hemileia vastatrix)19.2 to 32
(.074 to .124)
14Apply before the onset of rain and then at 14 to 21 day intervals while the rains continue. Use the higher rates when rainfall is heavy and disease pressure is high.
Iron spot (Cercospora coffeicola), pink disease (Corticium almonicolor)19.2
(.074)
14Use concentrate or dilute spray. Begin treatment at the start of wet season and continue at monthly intervals for three applications.
Eastern filbert blight64 to 155
(.248 to .60)
14Apply as a dilute spray in adequate water for thorough coverage. Make applications starting at bud swell to bud break and continue at 14 day intervals or as needed until early May. Thorough coverage is essential. Use the higher specified rates when rainfall is heavy and disease pressure is high. If needed, agricultural type spray oil may be added.
Fire blight19.2
(.074)
5Apply at 5 day intervals throughout the bloom period. Note: Russeting may occur in copper
sensitive varieties. Excessive dosages may cause fruit russet on any variety.
ball moss, Spanish moss38.4 to 64
(.149 to .248)
14Apply in 100 gallons of water in the spring when ball moss is actively growing, using 1½ gallons of spray per foot of tree height. Make sure to wet ball moss tufts thoroughly. The addition of a non-ionic surfactant will improve control. A second application will be required after 12 months.

Bacterial Blast (Pseudomonas), bacterial canker, Xanthomonas, blossomcherry brown rot, Coryneum

51.2 to 64
(.198 to .248) on Almond,
all others
60 to 90
(.232 to .348)
7Make first application before fall rains and a second at late dormant. Use higher rates when conditions favor disease. If needed, agricultural-type spray oil may be added. For Cherries: Where disease is severe, an additional application shortly after harvest may be required. Note: Foliar injury may occur from post-bloom sprays on almonds, especially on Ne Plus varieties.
Apple

32.32 gals.
(16 lbs.)
Anthracnose, blossom blight, European canker (Nectria), shoot blast (Pseudomonas)51.2 to 64
(.198 to .248)
N/A (Only one application is permitted per season.)Apply before fall rains. Use the higher rates when conditions favor disease. Note: Use on yellow varieties may cause discoloration. To avoid discoloration, pick before spraying.
Avocado

38.18 gals.
(18.9 lbs.)
Anthracnose or black spot, Cercospora blotch or spot, scab51.2 to 64
(.198 to .248)
14Apply when bloom buds begin to swell and continue application at bi-monthly intervals for five to six applications. Use the higher rates when conditions favor disease
Banana

38.17 gals.
(18.9 lbs.)
Sigatoka (black and yellow)19.2
(.074)
7Apply by air in 3 gallons of water. If needed, agricultural-type spray oil may be added. Apply on a 7 to 14 day schedule throughout the wet season. Apply at 21 day intervals during dry periods.
Cacao

31.81 gal.
(15.75 lb.)
Black pod19.2 to 64
(.074 to .248)
14Begin applications at the start of the rainy season and continue while infection conditions persist.
Chestnut

16.96 gals.
(8.4 lbs.)
Chestnut blight, leaf spot (Mycosphaerella maculiformis), Phytophthora root rot, powdery mildew (Sphaerotheca fuliginea)28
(.108)
14Apply first spray after flowering and before onset of long rains and then at 14 to 28 day intervals until picking.
Coffee

25.45 gals.
(12.6 lbs.)
Coffee berry disease (Colletotrichum coffeanum)38.4 to 64
(.149 to .248)
14Apply first spray after flowering and before onset of long rains and then at 14 to 28 day intervals until picking. Use the higher rates when conditions favor disease.
Filbert (Oregon and Washington only)

36.36 gals.
(18 lbs.)
Bacterial blight64 to 155
(.248 to .60)
14Apply as a post-harvest spray. In seasons of heavy rainfall, apply a second spray when three-fourths of the leaves have dropped. Use the higher rates when rainfall is heavy and disease pressure is high. If needed, agricultural type spray oil may be added.
Mango

96.96 gals.
(48 lbs.)
Anthracnose, bacterial spot (Xanthomonas campestris), Black band disease (Rhinocladium corticolum), Mango bacterial canker disease (Xanthomonas campestris), Phoma blight (Phoma glomerata), powdery mildew, red rust of mango (Cephaleuros spp.), scab (Elsinoe mangiferae)38.4 to 64
(.149 to .248)
7Apply bi-monthly after fruit set until harvest. Use higher rates when rainfall is heavy and disease pressure is high.
Olive

36.36 gals.
(18 lbs.)
Cercospora leaf spot, olive knot, peacock spot, Phytophthora crown and root rot52 to 86
(.201 to .333)
30Make first application before winter rains begin. A second application in early spring should be made if disease is severe. Apply the higher rates for heavy disease pressure or when conditions favor disease development.
Papaya

42.82 gals.
(21.2 lbs.)
Anthracnose, powdery mildew, Phytophthora blight, Corynespora leaf spot26 to 52
(.101 to .201)
7Apply before the disease appears. Repeat at 10- to 14-day intervals under light disease pressure. Shorten spray intervals to 7 days under heavy disease pressure. The addition of a spreader is desirable. Use higher specified rates when the disease is severe.
Peach, Nectarine

36.36 gals.
(18 lbs.)
Anthracnose, bacterial leaf spot, black spot, blossom brown rot, fire blight, peach leaf curl, powdery mildew, rust51.2 to 103
(.198 to .399)
7Post bloom application applied at first and second cover sprays.
Note: Do not spray 3 weeks prior to harvest. Use only labeled rates. Spotting of leaves and defoliation may occur from use in cover sprays
Pear

12.12 gals.
(6 lbs.)
Blossom blight (Pseudomonas)19.2
(.074)
7Apply before Fall rains and again during dormancy before Spring growth starts.
Pecan

12.72 gals.
(6.3 lbs.)
Kernel rot, shuck rot (Phytophthora cactorum), Zonate leaf spot (Cristulariella pyramidalis)19.2 to 32
(.074 to .124)
14For suppression, apply in sufficient water to ensure complete spray coverage at 2 to 4 week intervals starting at kernel growth and continue until shucks open. Use the higher rates and shorter spray intervals if frequent rainfall occurs.
Persimmon

11.11 gals.
(5.5 lbs.)
Anthracnose, Armillaria root rot (Armillaria mellea), canker, gray mold (botrytis cinerea), leaf spots and blights, root and crown rot (Phytophthora spp.), verticillium wilt16
(.062)
14Apply every 14 days after beginning of fruit set until harvest.
Pistachio

16.96 gals.
(8.4 lbs.)
Botryosphaeria panicle and shoot blight, botrytis blight, late blight (Alternaria alternata), Septoria leaf blight32 to 64
(.124 to .248)
14Make the initial application at bud swell and repeat on a 14- to 28-day schedule. If disease conditions are severe, use higher rates and shorter spray intervals.
Quince

32.32 gals.
(16 lbs.)
Fire blight19.2
(.074)
5Apply at 5 day intervals throughout the bloom period. Apply in adequate water for thorough coverage.
Walnut

64.64 gals.
(32 lbs.)
Walnut blight38.4 to 64
(.149 to .248)
7Apply at first spray at early pre-bloom prior to or when catkins are partially expanded. Make
additional applications during bloom and early nutlet stage or as needed when frequent rainfall or extended periods of moisture occur. Thorough coverage of catkins, leaves and nutlets is essential for effective control. Note: Adequate control may not be obtained when copper tolerant species of Xanthomonas bacteria are present.